Rate, Causes, and Costs of Churning in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)

The Food and Nutrition Service in the U.S. Department of Agriculture has contracted with the Urban Institute and its partner, MEF Associates, to examine the causes and costs of SNAP churning—the on-off-on cycling of SNAP participants. Churning is a major policy concern, in terms of benefit loss to households who may have remained continuously eligible, the burden to them of re-entering the program, and the administrative costs to program agencies associated with case closings and re-openings. For this project MEF is conducting site visits to SNAP offices, conducting focus groups with SNAP participants, and leading the cost analysis.

Supplementary Nutrition Assistance Program
Mary Farrell | Sam Elkin